3/27/2011 - from Japan - Nuclear plant downplayed
This important article shows the tragic management mistakes
that led up to this nuclear spill catastrophe that now threatens
Japan's very existence.
"(W)hile TEPCO and government officials have said no one could have anticipated
such a massive tsunami, there is ample evidence that such waves have struck the
northeast coast of Japan before - and that it could happen again along the culprit fault line,
which runs roughly north to south, offshore, about 220 miles (350 kilometers) east of
"TEPCO's engineers decided not to factor in quakes earlier than 1896. That meant the experts excluded a major quake that occurred more than 1,000 years ago - a tremor followed by a powerful tsunami that hit many of the same locations as the recent disaster.
"A TEPCO reassessment presented only four months ago
concluded that tsunami-driven water would push no higher than 18 feet (5.7 meters) once it
hit the shore at the Fukushima Dai-ichi complex. The reactors sit up a small bluff,
between 14 and 23 feet (4.3 and 6.3 meters) above TEPCO's projected high-water mark,
according to a presentation at a November seismic safety conference in Japan by TEPCO
civil engineer Makoto Takao.
"However, the wall of water that thundered ashore two weeks ago reached about 27 feet (8.2 meters) above TEPCO's prediction. The flooding disabled backup power generators, located in basements or on first floors, imperiling the nuclear reactors and their nearby spent fuel pools."
NUCLEAR RADIATION STAYS DANGEROUS
A VERY LONG TIME.
The news from Japan is not good. Reactor #3's containment has been "breached".
This is the reactor that has a hundred tons of spent fuel rods which contain large amounts
of Plutonium Disappointingly, Yahoo and CNN are still not reporting this or what follows.
They only state that three workers there waded through water that was 10,000 times more
radioactive than normal. They do not mention that the Plutonium riched fuel rods at Reactor #3
make this accident potentially much more deadly than at Chernobyl.
fuel rods in Reactor 3 are not uranium but Mixed-Oxide (MOX),
which combines uranium
with Plutonium. The Nuclear Information Resource Center (NIRS) states MOX fuel is far more
dangerous than typical enriched uranium. "(The MOX plutonium fuel used in Fukushimas Unit 3
reactor (is) two million times more deadly than enriched uranium". This would explain why
so much more water has been dumped on this reactor than any of the others. With a half-life
24,000 years, the Plutonium-239 in MOX will be deadly to life in the area forever. This why
the Prime Minister used the words "very grave and serious."
We are still NOT being told that a commercial nuclear reactor contains many thousand times
the radioactivity as was released by the bombs of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Why?
That would help people understand what is happening in Japan and potentIally elsewhere. There
are 443 nuclear power plants in world. 62 are under construction. The US has 104.
( http://infoholix.net/blog/2011/03/19/japan-radiation-and-the-iodine-fairy-tale/ )
I certainly pray that the nucear power plants radiation leakages will soon be contained.
But even after that, many of the radioactive particles will still be emiting dangerous radiation
wherever they are for a long time, in the water, on the ground, in food or in people's bodies. It is
sometimes forgotten that this is a function of the different isotopes's half-lives. A radioactive isotope
is dangerous for 10 to 20 times its half life,
Officials in Japan and the US are not reporting the presence of long-lasting, highly
dangerous Plutonium or Strontium 90. Some consider this a "ploy" to avoid panic and
nuclear industry ac countability. All we hear is testing for radioactive Iodine and Cesium.
But the presence of Iodine and Cesium virtually guarantee Plutonium and Strontium-90 are present.
The American mass media ignores this because the US Government chooses not to talk
"The U.S. DOE focused on one long-lived radioisotope, cesium-137, as a ploy to downplay the threat to the health of the islanders. Why? Because when cesium-137 incorporates into foods and enters the body, it is purged out of the body in less than a year. H-O-W-E-V-E-R, when Strontium-90 is in the soils, the plants incorporate it and it ends up in the teeth and bones of fetuses, babies, teens and adults for a lifetime - it is linked to bone cancer and decreased immunity (read all about it here). Strontium-90 is the worst radioactive chemical in fallout other than plutonium-239. ...They won't and don't tell you that Cesium-137 is a marker for even worse radioactive particles: Strontium-90 and plutonium-239.
( http://www.idealist.ws/contamination.php )
Most worrisome of all is plutonium-239. Much of the spent fuel rod IS plutonium. It is
"extraordinarily toxic." Plutonium exposure usually comes from inhalation rather than ingestion,
so "it's mostly associated with lung cancer. What's more, plutonium's half life is 24,000 years, which
means anything released in Fukushima today could be around at dangerous levels for up to half a "
millon years." ( Source. )
ISOTOPES, HALF LIVES AND HEALTH RISKS
damages DNA, causing mutations, cancer, birth defects, heart disease, etc.
The amount of harmful ionizing radiation emitted decines. It's half-life varies from isotope
to isotope. The longer the half-life, the longer the deadly danger.
Half Life Isotope
80 million years Plutonium-244 from Reactor 3. Accumulates in bone marrow.
Plutonium-240 This is weapons' grade, used in nuclear bombs. See details.
24,100 years Plutonium-239 A primary fissile isotopes in a nuclear reaction.
88 years Plutonium-238
All of these forms of Plutonium are present in spent nuclear fuel, as in Japan disaster.
The alpha radiation plutonium emits does not penetrate the skin but can irradiate internal organs when plutonium is inhaled or ingested. The skeleton, where plutonium is absorbed by the bone surface, and the liver, where it collects and becomes concentrated, are at risk. Plutonium is not absorbed into the body efficiently when ingested; only 0.04% of plutonium oxide is absorbed after ingestion. What plutonium is absorbed into the body is excreted very slowly, with a biological half-life of 200 years. Plutonium passes only slowly through cell membranes and intestinal boundaries, so absorption by ingestion and incorporation into bone structure proceeds very slowly.
Plutonium is more dangerous when inhaled than when ingested. The risk of lung cancer increases once the total dose
equivalent of inhaled radiation exceeds 400 mSv.
The U.S. Department of Energy estimates that the lifetime cancer risk for inhaling 5,000
plutonium particles, each about 3 microns wide, to be 1% over the background U.S.
Ingestion or inhalation of large amounts may cause acute radiation poisoning and death; no human is known to have
died because of inhaling or ingesting plutonium, and many people have measurable amounts
of plutonium in their bodies.[76
...(W)hen inhaled, plutonium can pass into the bloodstream. Once in the bloodstream, plutonium moves throughout the body and into the bones, liver, or other body organs. Plutonium that reaches body organs generally stays in the body for decades and continues to expose the surrounding tissue to radiation and thus may cause cancer.
Several populations of people who have been exposed to plutonium dust (e.g. people living down-wind of Nevada test sites, Hiroshima survivors, nuclear facility workers, and "terminally ill" patients injected with Pu in 194546 to study Pu metabolism) have been carefully followed and analyzed.
30-years Cesium-137 - Over first 4-day period, Japan's reactors rleased about half as much as
Chernobyl. Organisms and bodies treat it as though it is potassium and it becomes a fluid electrolyte
coursing throughout the body.
8-days Iodine-131 has now been detected in Colorado. 20% of Chernobyl so far. The thyroid is
the organ of the body that is most vulnerable to its radiation. Potassium iodine can protect the
20.1 years Strontium-90 The most feared fission product in a nuclear reactor. The body treats it as
calcium. It concentrates in bones and bone marrow. Humans get this from drinking milk and eating
vegetables. Causes anemia, interferes with blood's ability to clot. In the body, the harmful
radiation lasts a long time. This long term exposure increases chances of cancer and leukemia.
3/23/2011 NEW TIGER BLOGS ON NUCLEAR POWERS UNTOLD DANGERS
FOR THOSE DOWNWIND OF NUCLEAR TESTING,
URANIUM MINING AND NUCLEAR-POWER PLANTS.
News That "Tokyo's Tap Water Is Unsafe" will quite properly scare
folks far downwind.
Any exposure to ionizing radiation from nuclear testing, weapons'
uranium mining/milling and nuclear power increases the risks of cancer and birth defects.
Watch to see if the Regular Media talk of America's "Downwinders", those downwind of
nuclear tests, nuclear weapons' plants, nuclear power plant "accidents" and uranium
mines and mills. Cover-ups and secrecy are preventing the general public from seeing
alarming data about the much elevated cancer risks from nuclear power plant radiation
escape and contamination.
"Radiation in Tokyo tap water raises concerns"
We have been told not to fear low levels of ionizing radiation. This is dangerous
balderdash. Long term exposure increases cancer risks (PERIOD). It is simply hard to make
draw exact epidemiological conclusions from low level, long term exposure. In large
populations, there will certainly be many more serious cancers. Hundreds. Thousands,
Tens of Thousands. It all depends on how many people will be exposed. Tokyo
has 14 million people.
Four personal stories make this point:
1) In 1976, in New Mexico I interviewed NM's Energy Secretary John O'Leary about the
the risks of long term exposures to low level radiation. Even though he had worked at the
Hanford, Washington nuclear facility where cancer deaths were 25% higher than in the
larger population, he denied the public was not put at any "significant" risk. He became the
US Deputy Energy Secretary under Schlesinger and Carter and frequently testified that
nuclear power was the safest major source of alternative power. He died of cancer ten years
Look at the extraordinarily high rates of cancer among Navajos near the New Mexico
uranium mimes. http://www.nirs.org/radiation/radchart.htm
> 1500% increase in incidence of testicular and ovarian cancer in children.
> 500% increase in bone cancer in children
> 250% increase in leukemia (all ages)
> 200% increase in each of the following non-cancer effects: miscarriage, infant death,
congenital defects, genetic abnormalities, learning disorders.Baseline for 1-4: Navajo
residents living near Uranium facilities were compared to Navajo residents in
> 500% increase in birth defects when compared to the national average.
This compares this with the under-reported statistics for those down-wind of
Three Mile Island.
Three Mile Island and Increases in Cancers.
Baseline: Disease in population upwind (out of the radiation plume path) is
compared to disease in population downwind (in the pollution plume.)
(Wing S. Richardson D. et al. A Reevaluation of Cancer Incidence Near the Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant: The Collision of Evidence and Assumptions. Environmental Health Perspectives, v 105, no 1. National Institutes of Health. Bethesda, Maryland. January 1997.)
2) In New Mexico in the 1970s, it was
well known that workers in the uranium mines
at Grants there northeast of Albuquerque would suffer a much high incidence of lung cancer.
The government did not close the mines. It covered up the dangers. Why did people take the
jobs. The pay was good. $30,000/year in 1975 would be like $100,000 now. Such jobs were
scarce. So many men took them. Finally, more than 40 years later, mortality rates were
studied for uranium miners. The official conclusion was "Yes" uranium miners did get more
cancer than the general population, but then they drank and smoked more, too. Those
who worked in the mills did not suffer an increase. The same data were looked
at by others for NIOSH. It found among non-smoking uranium miners, deaths from
lung cancer were 12.7 times higher.
3) I tried in 1976 to get the government to open up the cancer statistics for down-wind
Albuquerque, but was told this was not public information. The Federal government was
in full cover-up mode under President Ford. But the tragedy was too great. The protesters
from conservative Utah would not go away. See the stories and cancer statistics of
"downwinders" from the nuclear testing in Nevada in the 1950s. The Federal government
tried for years to deny the dangers at Hanford and in New Mexico. Compensation legislation
passed Congress in 2010.
4) I had a partner in the mid 1980s, Earl Litzenberg, who as a marine had witnessed nuclear
testing in the South Pacific. He died of cancer in his 50s.
Chernobyl and Increases in Cancers.
See also the
struggle of those down-wind from the nuclear tests of the 1950s
Nuclear Testing and the Downwinders - Utah
Downwinders - Wikipedia
Forgotten Victims: The Story of Utah's Downwinders :: Documentary ...
Utah 'downwinders' remember |
Obama - Nuclear Power Industry Puppet.
The Most Dangerous Nuclear Power Plants in America Are in California,
on the Ocean, just above Active Earthquake Faults and Near 11 Million People.
Obama offers no assurances of safety, only new taxpayer bailout for nuclear power.
3/20/2011 Obama has proposed tripling nuclear loan guarantees to $54 billion from the $18.5 billion
the Department of Energy allocated in 2005. He wants Americans to bail out the nuclear power like it
was forced by both parties to bail out Wall Street. Why? Campaign Contributions from nuclear power helped
Obama in 2008. He needs them in 2012, now that so many rank and file Democrats are thoroughly disillusioned
with him and most Democrats, for their cowardice in standing up for national health care and increased
taxation of the very rich. A nuclear power plant has not been built in US for almost 40 years.
Obama's Closest advisors, Rahm Emanuel and David Axelrod have close ties to Chicago based Execon, the largest nuclear power operator. Exelon operates 17 US reactors, 20% of US nuclear power. Obama's new budget proposed $36 Billion in nuclear industry loan guarantees. Already there are 20 more applications for new power plants before the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Much of Rahm Emanuel's wealth comes from his being an investment banker who arranged the mergers that created Exelon. Source.
Exelon and its employees were the seventh-largest source of campaign money for Obama while
a US Senator, contributing motr than $71,800, according to the Washington-based Center for Responsive Politics.
"When he ran for president, the companys employees gave at least $200,000, and board member John Rogers Jr., chairman of Chicago-based Ariel Investments LLC, was a top Obama fundraiser. " Source.
"Obamas legislative involvement with nuclear energy started after Exelon announced in December 2005 that it had detected higher than normal concentrations of tritium in an underground pipe inside the boundary of a plant it operated in Braidwood, about 60 miles (97 kilometers) southwest of Chicago. Tritium, a radioactive form of hydrogen and a byproduct of nuclear power generation that in large doses can increase cancer risk, was found days later in a homes drinking water well near the plant, although levels didnt exceed safety standards. ..Two months later, Exelon announced tritium leaks had been found at two more nuclear power plant sites in Illinois. One of those, a plant located in Grundy County, about 60 miles southwest of Chicago, has the Mark 1 design, developed by General Electric Co. (GE) in the 1960s and used at the Fukushima Dai- Ichi plant in Japan. Source.
|JAPAN 9 Earthquake||The Obama administration has approved a $8 billion loan guarantee to support the construction of two nuclear reactors in Georgia. If the project goes forward, the plants would be the first built in the United States since the 1970s.|
America's Most Dangerously Located Nuclear Power Plants:
Diablo Canyon (near San Luis Obispo)
San Onofre (25 miles north of San Diego)
Tsunami - December 26/2004 - Thailand
The tsunami that devastated northeastern Japan in the March 11 earthquake was at least 10 meters (33 feet)
high.. And this was not the biggest for Japan - Japan's biggest-ever tsunami was recorded at 38.2-meters (>100 feet)
high in the high 1896 earthquake.. On April 1, 1946, a magnitude-7.8 (Richter Scale) earthquake occurred near
the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. It generated a tsunami which inundated Hilo on the island of Hawaii with a
14 meters (46 ft) high surge. The highest tsunamis is California since 1930 were"
1930 Santa Monica 6.1 meters 20'
1930 Venice 6.1 meters 20'
1934 Newport Beach 12 meters 39'
1964 Sea View 3.8 meters 12'
San Onofre Nuclear Power Plant